What are Seller Concessions?

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When entering the property market as a buyer or seller, there are costs to consider. Buyers cover mortgage loan fees, while sellers face property transfer costs and agent commissions. First-time homebuyers might be surprised that the purchase price doesn’t include additional expenses like closing fees, appraisal and inspection fees, insurance, and potential repairs. These charges can amount to 3% to 6% of the property value.

What options are available for those unprepared for these costs? Seller concessions might hold the answer. Seller concessions are when the seller covers some closing costs. Buyers can include concessions in their offer, requesting coverage for repair costs or damages found during the home inspection. Concessions can also be requested if the buyer believes the property is overpriced or if they anticipate difficulty covering the closing costs. However, concessions usually cover necessary repairs and not cosmetic enhancements.

Seller concessions apply to all types of home loans, but each loan type has rules limiting the maximum concession amount. Once agreed upon, seller concessions are deducted from the sale proceeds. It’s important to note that buyers cannot request concessions exceeding the closing costs. Seller concessions can cover various closing costs, including property taxes, appraisal fees, title insurance, loan origination fees, inspection fees, attorney’s fees, mortgage points, recording fees, and repair costs.

Seller concessions: Considerations and Impact

In property transactions, seller concessions can be a game-changer for buyers. But weighing the pros and cons is crucial for both parties. Here’s a quick rundown:


  • Sharing costs makes transactions more affordable and competitive for buyers.
  • Concessions speed up sales and attract potential buyers, leading to higher bids and faster deals for sellers.


  • Buyer benefits often come at a cost, with higher loan amounts and more interest.
  • Seller concessions may make properties less appealing in a seller’s market with multiple offers.

Negotiating Strategies:

  • Understand the market and hire a real estate agent for insights into local trends.
  • Prioritize needs and consider concession limits based on factors like loan type, down payment, and property type.

Different Loan Types:

  • Conventional loans allow up to 3%, 6%, or 9% concessions based on the down payment.
  • Investment properties have a 2% cap, FHA loans allow up to 6%, and VA loans allow up to 4% with certain benefits.
  • USDA loans cap seller concessions at 6% like conventional ones.

Seller concessions benefit buyers by reducing costs and sellers by closing deals faster. However, consider downsides before using this strategy.

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